Textareas are a popular form control for long form text input, and Clarity supports both a CSS only and Angular component. You may wish to review the general forms documentation about form controls.
Use a text field when the expected user input may be more than a single line.
If you are using Angular, the recommended approach is to always use the
ClrTextarea directive on your textareas to help manage the form control. By using
ClrTextarea, you'll automatically be able to leverage built in validation, helper text, and layout features in forms.
This is the most basic way to create a textarea inside of a form. This is only if you don't have a need for a label or validation. You need to add
clrTextarea to your textarea to wire up the directive. Notice, it is not necessary to add
type="text" as it is handled automatically. It will only work if you have the control wired up with either a template driven form or reactive form.
For anything beyond a standalone textarea field, you'll need to wrap it with the
ClrTextareaContainer component. This is required to contain all of the logic and validation details for the individual textarea control.
Then you can add a
label element and it will automatically get laid out correctly in the form.
The textarea form control wires up with the validations placed on it, such as
required or even custom built validators in Angular. Under the hood, it looks at the
NgControl values to determine the control validity, and display the helper text or error message accordingly.
Note: the validation only displays an error after the user has left focus on a control. This is for better UX where the user doesn't see an error while they are still typing.
For applications that use the
ClrTextarea directive and the associated
ClrTextarea component there is built in support that adds accessible behavior to the control and its form. This behavior includes:
- Programmatically associating the correct label
forattribute with the
idof the input
- Automatic wiring up of the
aria-describedbybehavior with associated
aria-liveregion that can notify screen readers about changes in the control error state
- Adds the label to a general form summary for screen readers when the control is in an error state after a form submit